Plagiarism is the “wrongful appropriation” and “stealing and publication” of another author‘s “language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions” and the representation of them as one’s own original work.
Plagiarism is considered academic dishonesty and a breach of journalistic ethics. It is subject to sanctions such as penalties, suspension, and even expulsion from school or work. Recently, cases of “extreme plagiarism” have been identified in academia. The modern concept of plagiarism as immoral and originality as an ideal emerged in Europe in the 18th century, particularly with the Romantic movement.
Plagiarism is not in itself a crime, but can constitute copyright infringement. In academia and industry, it is a serious ethical offense.Plagiarism and copyright infringement overlap to a considerable extent, but they are not equivalent concepts, and many types of plagiarism do not constitute copyright infringement, which is defined by copyright law and may be adjudicated by courts. Plagiarism is not defined or punished by law, but rather by institutions (including professional associations, educational institutions, and commercial entities, such as publishing companies).
COURTESY OF https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plagiarism
Barack Obama Suspected Of Plagiarism??
Democrat presidential hopeful Barack Obama from Illinois is accused of plagiarizing speeches from a 2006 speech by way of Deval Patrick, the Democratic governor of Massachusetts. The Obama speech entitled “Words Matter” become introduced in Feb. Sixteen, 2008 all through a assembly in Wisconsin and had numerous similarities with the Patrick speech added in 2006.
Particularly substantive are the passages wherein each Obama and Patrick listing famous historic prices which includes “I have a dream”, “We preserve those truths to be self-obvious, that every one men are created equal” and “We have nothing to fear however fear itself” with a view to exhibit the strength of words.
Both speeches had been introduced a good way to shield the usage of speeches and rhetoric as a campaign method. Obama has recently acquired criticism from Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton. Clinton’s side claims that Obama does now not have sufficient political enjoy so that you can act as a president and that his campaign become constructed completely on words.
In reaction, Obama introduced his “Words Matter” speech in which he insists that words have the electricity to alternate minds and encourage citizens. The Clinton marketing campaign then latched directly to the accusation of plagiarism, bringing to fore the similarities between the Obama and Patrick speeches.
Both Obama and Patrick declared that no plagiarism has taken location. Obama motives out that he and Patrick are excellent friends and they regularly talk about strategies. Patrick added his “Just Words” speech in 2006 as retaliation to grievance that he became sick ready to deal with actual political troubles and that his campaign became going for walks completely on properly-versed speeches. According to Patrick, after Clinton made the equal accusations of his pal Obama, he advocated the Illinois senator to defend himself the identical way Patrick did in 2006.
Political commentators notice that each Obama and Patrick use the equal marketing campaign group, particularly the marketing campaign chief David Axelrod, which may be the motive why their techniques are so similar. Obama even retorted that Clinton herself had all started to apply a number of his campaign buzzwords.
These accusations of plagiarism are harking back to the incident in 1988 while Democratic presidential candidate Joe Bidden had to drop out of the race after coming beneath hearth for plagiarizing a speech by way of Neil Kinnock of the British Labour Party.
Barack Obama started his political profession after he announced his intentions of walking for the Illonois Senate in 1995. He have become a senator for Illinois in 2005, which become additionally the time when he become officially sworn in.
Hillary Rodham Clinton become first exposed to politics as the First Lady during the time period of her husband former American President Bill Clinton, which started in 1993. As a first girl, Clinton turned into appointed the chairwoman of the Task Force on National Health Care. At the quit of her husband’s term, she become elected senator for New York in 2000 and turned into re-elected in 2006.
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